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Peppers — Arapaho (cayenne)

This early-ripening hybrid has all the heat of regular cayenne chiles, but the fruits mature much earlier on stout, 45cm (18") tall plants. The fruits can be as long as 20cm (8"). Great for containers, Arapaho Pepper Seeds are productive and spicy, with a sweet red bell pepper undertone in its flavour. The peppers dry well for making homemade hot chile powder, and they're the perfect size for hanging decorative ristras. Arapaho cayenne is rated at a distinctly fiery 30,000 - 50,000 SHU's. Sold by seed count. Pepper seeds can take a their time germinating, so always use the bottom heat provided by a Seedling Warmer heat mat.

Matures in 65-70 days. (Hybrid seeds)

Quick Facts:

    • Hot with a sweet bell red undertone
    • 45cm (18") plants, great for containers
    • 30,000 - 50,000 SHU's
    • Hybrid seeds
    • Matures in 65-70 days

Size: 10 seeds

Moderately difficult

Season & Zone
Season: Warm season
Exposure: Full-sun

Peppers need plenty of time to mature before they will bloom and set fruit. Start indoors six to eight weeks before the last frost date, and grow under bright lights. Transplant only when weather has really warmed up. Night time low temperatures should be consistently above 12°C (55°F) before hardening off pepper plants and transplanting outdoors. Soil temperature for germination: 25-29°C (78-85°F). Seeds should sprout in 10 – 21 days.

Sow indoors 5mm-1cm (¼-½”) deep. Keep soil as warm as possible. Seedling heating mats speed germination. Try to keep seedlings at 18-24°C (64-75°F) in the day, and 16-18°C (61-64°F) at night. Before they become root-bound, transplant them into 8cm (3″) pots. For greatest possible flower set, try to keep them for 4 weeks at night, about 12°C (55°F). Then transplant them into 15cm (6″) pots, bringing them into a warm room at night, about 21°C (70°F).

Days to Maturity
From transplant date.

Soil should have abundant phosphorus and calcium, so add lime and compost to the bed at least three weeks prior to transplanting. Mix ½ cup of balanced organic fertilizer beneath each plant. Though peppers will tolerate dry soil, they will only put on good growth if kept moist. Harden off before planting out 30-60cm (12-24″) apart. Five gallon containers also work well, but require good drainage and regular irrigation. Using plastic mulch with a cloche can increase the temperature by a few degrees. Pinch back growing tips to encourage leaf production. This helps shade the developing fruits and prevents sun-scald in hot summers.

Fruit can be picked once it is firm and has reached desired size, however, sweetness can increase dramatically as the fruit ripens. If you pick the peppers when they are still young/green, the plant will keep producing more fruit. Fruit that sets after late August will not usually develop or ripen. Pull out the entire bush just before the first frost and hang it upside down in a warm, dry place to ripen hot peppers. 

Seed Info
In optimal conditions at least 65% of seeds will germinate. Usual seed life: 2 years.

Diseases & Pests

To prevent rot and wilt, plant in well-drained soils and follow a strict 4-year crop rotation.

If cutworms are a problem, use paper collars at the plant base. Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV): young growth is malformed and leaves are mottled with yellow. To prevent it: wash hands after handling tobacco (including Nicotiana), before touching peppers. Control aphids, which spread the disease.

Companion Planting
Pepper plants make good neighbours for asparagus, basil, carrots, cucumbers, eggplant, endive, oregano, parsley, rosemary, squash, Swiss chard, and tomatoes. Avoid planting them next to beans, Brassicas, or fennel.

Rating: 5.0 stars out of 5 based on 5 reviews from

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